|during your visit, our planet lost||species and||m2 rainforest||your visiting time|
Biodiversity - short for biological diversity - is the number and types of organisms in an ecosystem, region or environment.
THE BIODIVERSITY OF THE RAINFOREST
The loss of tropical rainforests has a profound and devastating impact on our life!
Consider these facts:
- A single pond in Brazil can sustain a greater variety of fish than is found in all of Europe's rivers.
- A single rainforest reserve in Brazil is home to more species of birds than are found in the entire United States.
- One single tree in Peru was found to harbor forty-three different species of ants - a total that approximates the entire number of ant species in the British Isles.
- The number of species of fish in the Amazon exceeds the number found in the entire Atlantic Ocean.
Words by Harvard's Pulitzer Prize-winning biologist Edward O. Wilson: The worst thing that can happen is not energy depletion, economic collapses, limited nuclear war, or conquest by a totalitarian government. As terrible as these catastrophes would be for us, they can be repaired within a few generations. The one process ongoing in the 1980s that will take millions of years to correct is the loss of genetic- and species diversity by the destruction of natural habitats. This is the folly that our descendants are least likely to forgive us for.
Yet still the destruction continues. If deforestation continues at current rates, scientists estimate nearly 80 to 90 percent of tropical rainforest ecosystems will be destroyed by the year 2020. This destruction is the main force driving a species extinction rate unmatched in 65 million years.
The Atlantic Forest is not only a most diverse ecosystem, but also the habitat for many endemic plants and animals. Pau Brazil (engl Brazil wood, latin: caesalpinia echinata) that gave it’s name to the country of Brazil, origins from the Atlantic Forest and is in verge of extinction. ARFI planted hundreds of Pau Brazil and thousands of other precious wood seedlings on it’s properties and intends to reforest many more. The „Golden Lion Tamarin“ monkey is just one example of many truly endangered endemic species of the Atlantic Rainforest.